If you are a manufacturer of fabric, you do still have some requirements that need to be met regarding your fabrics, but don’t worry, it is super easy!
There are only three things that you are required to have and share to your customers:
- Country of origin
- Fiber Content
- Care information
Country of Origin
You need to know the Country of Origin of your base fabric. This will determine what you list as the country of origin on your listings.
You need to know the fiber composition of your base fabric. This will determine what you list for fiber content on your listings. Two common issue areas are PUL and Lycra® spandex.
PUL can be listed multiple ways depending on the laminate process. Notice that the Babyville brand lists 2% Agglutinate, but other companies do not. Ask your printers if they know!
‘Lycra®’ is actually a branded form of spandex. Ask your base fabric supplier or printer if the material is, in fact, made with the branded Lycra®, if it is, then you will state ‘Lycra® Spandex’. If it is not, or you are unsure, only list it as ‘spandex’. Note that ‘elastane’ is a prevalent term for spandex in Europe.
Your customers need to know how to care for their new precious treasures and you want them to know how to make them last! Include at the very least these 5 points:
One: Washing by hand or by machine and temp
Three: Drying by method and temp (if machine)
While those 3 things are your only requirements, there are a few additional steps you can take to ensure the success of your business and the happiness of your customers.
Many customers will be using your materials to sell created items. Those consumers may need information regarding lead and flammability and you can be prepared to answer those questions.
What is the printing process?
This question pops up a lot, but what they are really asking is if the dyes/inks used become part of the substrate, the fibers.
If the dyes/inks lay on top of the fibers – you know, like the Garanimals t-shirts or the fun graphic tees at Walmart – then they will next ask for lead testing (16 CFR Part 1303 if you want to know the official code) if it is available. They will need the testing results and not just a statement of passing for use in children’s products.
If the dyes/inks seep into the substrate (fiber reactive), which is most popular with large scale printing, then the material is exempt from this lead testing .
Is the material exempt?
There are two things they are asking for here: lead in textiles and flammability of wearing apparel.
For lead, if your fiber content contains the following, the material is exempt from needing lead in textiles testing (16 CFR Part 1500):
cotton, kapok, flax, linen, jute, ramie, hemp, kenaf, bamboo, coir, sisal, silk, wool (sheep), alpaca, llama, goat (mohair, cashmere), rabbit (angora), camel, horse, yak, vicuna, qiviut, guanaco, rayon, azlon, lyocell, acetate, triacetate, rubber, polyester, olefin, nylon, acrylic, modacrylic, aramid, and spandex
For flammability (16 CFR Part 1610), they need to know the fiber content as well as if it is “raised surfaced” like french terry, flannel, or velour, or if it is “plain surfaced” like woven cotton or tshirt-like knits. There are two ways to look at this one:
If the fabric is “raised surfaced”, then look at the fiber content. If it is made of only the following, then it is exempt from testing:
acrylic, modaacrylic, nylon, olefin, polyester, and wool
If the fabric is “plain surfaced”, then it is exempt from testing regardless of the fiber content.
If you choose to have testing done where needed and would like some assistance creating a proper Certificate of Compliance statement, we're able to create one for you and walk you through how to update in the future.